Exploring the Benefits of International Internal Auditing (IIA) Gam

What is IIA GAM and why is it important?


Have you ever heard of IIA GAM? If you are involved in internal auditing, risk management, or governance, you should get to know this framework better. IIA GAM stands for the International Professional Practices Framework (IPPF) developed by the Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA). It provides guidance on how to conduct internal audits and helps companies accomplish their objectives effectively and efficiently. The framework consists of three main parts: the International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing (Standards), the Code of Ethics, and the Practice Advisories.

The Standards describe the expected attributes and activities of internal auditors and are mandatory for all members of the IIA. They cover four categories: Attribute standards, Performance standards, Implementation standards, and the Audit Process. Attribute standards outline the internal auditors’ personal qualities essential to operate efficiently and meet professional requirements. Performance standards clarify the auditor’s accountability for conducting the audit impartially, sufficiently, and timely. Implementation standards equip internal auditors with expertise and techniques to assess their area of concern. Finally, the Audit Process reflects the growth of knowledge and judgment to enhance the worth of the audit process.

The Code of Ethics advises members of the IIA on how to act ethically and how to comply with the principles of integrity, objectivity, confidentiality, and competency. The Practice Advisories offer guidance to auditors to implement the Standards by addressing the technical aspects of performing the audit procedure. Together, these three components provide a comprehensive and practicable approach to conducting internal audits.

So why is IIA GAM essential? The framework assists businesses in enhancing their control mechanisms, risk management, and governance processes. It is a tool for internal auditors to guarantee that their recommendations satisfy the high standards of professionalism and the best interests of the organization they serve. IIA GAM is especially useful in today’s environment of rapidly changing risks, regulations, and compliance standards.

The IIA GAM provides clear advantages to organizations, including:

  • Assurance of internal controls and risk management
  • Improved financial performance and business efficiency
  • Identification of gaps and areas for improvement
  • Facilitating compliance with laws and regulations
  • Providing management and stakeholders with reliable information to make informed decisions
  • Alignment of the audit function with a global standard

IIAGAM also ensures that internal auditors operate with objectivity, proficiency, and a commitment to delivering value as required by the New International Professional Practice Framework.

In summary, IIA GAM is an essential framework for organizations to enhance their governance, risk management, and control activities. The framework provides guidance that internal auditors can use to improve their performance, efficiency, and professionalism while benefiting businesses by assuring them of the high-quality service that internal auditing provides. Through adherence to this global standard, businesses can more effectively manage their risks and thrive in today’s rapidly changing environment.

Key principles and components of IIA GAM


The IIA Global Audit Guide for Application Management (IIA GAM) is a framework created by the Internal Auditing Institute (IIA) to assist organizations in creating, implementing, and managing application management practices. The GAM is designed to help organizations of various sizes and industries improve app management and strengthen its related operational controls. The GAM is based on industry best practices and standards and is regularly updated to align with the evolving technology landscape.

The guidelines and principles of the IIA GAM are divided into two distinct categories – the guiding principles and components.

IIA GAM Guiding Principles


The IIA GAM guiding principles serve as the foundation upon which the GAM framework is built. These principles establish the framework’s overarching purposes and responsibilities that apply across various organizations and industries. The guiding principles are:

1. Governance

The Governance principle stresses the importance of developing an application management governance framework that establishes a clear strategy, roles and responsibilities, and accountability to ensure the effective management of all IT applications. It also includes implementing the necessary management procedures, which enable the successful performance measurement of an application in support of business goals and objectives.

2. Risk Management

In the context of the IIA GAM, risk management relates to the strategic identification, assessment, and management of risks concerning the use, operation and maintenance of IT applications. It involves evaluating the criticality of applications and determining the likelihood and impact of risks, as well as implementing mitigation and control strategies to effectively manage these risks.

3. Lifecycle Approach

A lifecycle approach to application management begins by understanding the entire lifecycle of an application. This includes planning, development, testing, deployment and ongoing maintenance. The application must be continually monitored and assessed to ensure that it continues to meet user requirements, as well as business and regulatory standards.

4. Service Management

The service management principle emphasizes the importance of ensuring that a rigorous set of procedures are in place to support application management services, such as service-level agreements, incident and problem management, and release management. It also includes effective communication and coordination between all stakeholders in the application management process.

IIA GAM Components

The IIA GAM components are the set of activities, controls, and best practices that an organization must put in place to align with the guiding principles, meet industry standards, and ensure effective and efficient application management processes. The five components of IIA GAM are:

1. Planning, Acquisition, and Development

This component covers the development process for new applications in a business organization. It involves comprehensive planning, including creating a selection and acquisition process for potential applications and designing a development life cycle for each application.

2. Implementation and Maintenance

This component refers to the procedures for the deployment, testing, and maintenance of applications once they are in operation. These procedures are put in place to ensure that applications function as intended and that critical data and processes are protected from errors or unauthorized access.

3. Performance and Monitoring

Performance and monitoring involve assessing the system’s application’s performance to ensure that they continue to meet business needs and are maintained properly. Monitoring can identify potential problems and necessary upgrades at an early stage, ensuring that user data is secure and the application’s lifespan is improved.

4. Security and Risk Management

The security and risk management component covers the process of assessing and mitigating potential risks associated with an application’s use. It establishes procedures for protecting confidential data, detecting and responding effectively to security threats and vulnerabilities.

5. Audit and Assurance

This final component includes post-implementation audit and review process which evaluates the effectiveness of an application, identifies areas that need improvement, and assesses compliance with industry standards and regulatory requirements. It also provides organizations with into the application’s results and enables the organization to make more informed decisions concerning future developments.

In conclusion, the IIA GAM provides a comprehensive framework incorporating the best practices and standards that an organizations can use to ensure effective alignment between app management and business objectives. The guiding principles and components of the framework provide the necessary tools to assess an organizations’ potential risks and threats, develop a strategic plan around the system’s performance, and ensure that appropriate safeguards and controls are in place to make certain the applications operate securely, effectively, and efficiently to support overall business objectives.

Benefits and Limitations of Implementing IIA GAM


IIA GAM, or the International Professional Practices Framework (IPPF) Global Audit Practice Manual, is a set of guidelines developed by the Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) to help internal auditors conduct their work in a consistent and effective manner. The implementation of IIA GAM often leads to several benefits and limitations, which are discussed in depth below.

Benefits of Implementing IIA GAM

IIA GAM provides a professional standard for internal auditors, ensuring that their work meets the highest ethical and quality standards. By implementing IIA GAM, organizations can benefit from the following:

  • Improved Quality of Internal Audit: IIA GAM provides guidelines for internal auditors to follow, ensuring that their work is conducted in a consistent and standardized manner, leading to improved quality of work.
  • Better Risk Management: IIA GAM helps organizations in identifying risks and developing controls to mitigate them. By implementing IIA GAM, organizations can better identify and manage risks, leading to reduced risks and improved risk management.
  • Enhanced Credibility: By following IIA GAM, internal auditors demonstrate their commitment to the highest ethical and professional standards, enhancing the credibility of the organization and internal audit function.
  • Improved Compliance: IIA GAM provides guidelines for compliance with legal and regulatory requirements, ensuring that the organization is compliant with the applicable laws and regulations.

Limitations of Implementing IIA GAM

Although there are several benefits of implementing IIA GAM, there are also some limitations that should be considered:

  • Increased Workload: Implementing IIA GAM requires additional effort from the internal audit team, resulting in an increased workload. The team needs to allocate additional time and resources towards developing and implementing controls, and towards ensuring compliance with the guidelines.
  • Increased Cost: Implementing IIA GAM may require investments in technology, training, and personnel, which may increase the cost of the internal audit function. However, the benefits of IIA GAM may justify this cost, and the long-term benefits may outweigh the initial investment.
  • Resistance to Change: Implementing IIA GAM may require changes in the internal audit processes and procedures, which may face resistance from stakeholders. The internal audit team needs to ensure that they communicate the benefits of IIA GAM to stakeholders and obtain their support in implementing the guidelines.
  • Not a One-Size-Fits-All Approach: Implementing IIA GAM may not be suitable for all organizations, as each organization has different risks and sizes, and therefore may require different controls and processes. Internal auditors should customize their approach to meet the specific needs of the organization.

In conclusion, implementing IIA GAM has several benefits for organizations, such as improved quality of internal audit, better risk management, enhanced credibility, and improved compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. However, there are also some limitations associated with implementing IIA GAM, such as increased workload, increased cost, resistance to change, and the need for customization. Therefore, internal auditors should carefully consider these factors before implementing IIA GAM and should customize their approach to meet the needs of their organization.

Examples of Successful Implementation of IIA GAM

Successful Implementation of IIA GAM

Implementing an IIA GAM can be daunting, but several organizations have successfully rolled it out and achieved their desired outcomes. Here are a few examples:


Microsoft is one of the organizations that implemented IIA GAM successfully. The company adopted the framework to streamline its internal audit function and generate more value for the business. With the help of the IIA GAM, Microsoft was able to improve its audit processes, enhance its risk assessment, and achieve significant cost savings. The company also reported an increase in stakeholder satisfaction, as the internal audit function was able to provide more relevant and useful insights to the business.


Equifax, a consumer credit reporting agency, also implemented IIA GAM to strengthen its internal audit function. The company wanted to increase the efficiency of its audit processes while ensuring that it meets the evolving regulatory requirements. With the IIA Global Guidance, the company was able to standardize its internal audit processes and improve its use of technology. As a result, Equifax was able to enhance its risk management, strengthen its controls, and operate more confidently in an increasingly complex business environment.


Barclays, a British multinational investment bank, also implemented IIA GAM to transform its internal audit function. The bank recognized the importance of having robust internal controls and risk management frameworks to mitigate the risks that it faces. By adopting the IIA GAM, Barclays was able to harmonize its internal audit practices, embed a risk-based approach to auditing, and improve stakeholder communication. The bank also reported that the use of the framework has enabled it to drive greater efficiency and effectiveness in its internal audit processes.


Intel Corporation, a technology company, also implemented IIA GAM to drive transformation in its internal audit function. The company wanted to enhance its audit processes and align them more closely with the business objectives. By adopting the IIA Global Guidance, Intel was able to strengthen its risk management, improve its audit planning, and increase stakeholder engagement. The company also reported that the framework has helped it to prioritize its audit efforts, focus on the areas of greatest risk, and provide more meaningful insights to the business.

These are just a few examples of organizations that have successfully implemented IIA GAM. By adapting the framework to their specific needs and circumstances, these companies were able to achieve their objectives, drive greater efficiency and effectiveness in their internal audit functions, and provide more value to their stakeholders.

How to get started with IIA GAM in your organization

IIA GAM in organization

If you are looking to implement IIA GAM, the first step is to create a plan that outlines your organization’s goals and objectives, as well as the resources needed to achieve them. This plan should include the following steps:

Step 1: Gain Senior Management Support

Senior Management Support

It’s important to ensure that senior management is aware of the benefits of IIA GAM and is committed to its implementation. This can be achieved through a series of presentations and workshops designed to educate stakeholders on the benefits and potential outcomes of IIA GAM. Additionally, senior management needs to play a key role in providing the necessary resources to support the successful implementation of IIA GAM.

Step 2: Identify Key Stakeholders

Key Stakeholders

Identifying key stakeholders involved in the implementation process is an important step. This can include management, IT personnel, internal auditors, and external consultants. These stakeholders will help guide the implementation process, lead training and development programs, and communicate changes to the organization. It’s important to ensure that all stakeholders are on board with implementation and understand their responsibilities.

Step 3: Conduct a Gap Analysis

Gap Analysis

Conducting a gap analysis helps identify areas to improve or modify within an organization’s existing GRC programs. This analysis can be conducted through a self-assessment or an external assessment. A gap analysis is an important step in understanding where an organization stands in relation to industry standards and benchmarks.

Step 4: Develop an Action Plan

Action Plan

Developing an action plan is the next step in implementing IIA GAM. An action plan should be developed based on the results of the gap analysis and should identify key areas for improvement. The action plan should include specific steps to be taken, timelines, and responsible persons.

Step 5: Train Staff and Monitor Progress

Training and Monitoring

The final step in the implementation process is to train staff and monitor progress. This phase includes developing a training program for staff and conducting initial and ongoing training sessions. Monitoring progress throughout the implementation process is critical to maintaining momentum and ensuring that objectives are met. Progress should be monitored against the action plan and adjustments made as needed.

The implementation of IIA GAM can lead to improved risk management, compliance, and governance practices. A successful implementation requires a comprehensive and well-developed plan, engaged and committed stakeholders, and ongoing support and monitoring to ensure success.

About Bob Rinidesu