Migrant And Refugee Health Coverage: Challenges And Solutions In European Health Insurance – GENEVA, 20 July 2022 – Worldwide, millions of refugees and migrants in vulnerable situations, such as low-skilled migrant workers, face worse health outcomes than their host communities This is especially true when living and working conditions are substandard, according to the WHO World’s first report on the health of refugees and migrants. This has serious consequences for the likelihood that the world will not meet the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for these populations.
“Today there are about one billion migrants around the world. or about one in eight people Migration experience is an important determinant of health and well-being. And refugees and migrants remain the most vulnerable and neglected members of many societies,” said WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. It is the first to present a global review of the health of refugees and migrants. Urgently called for concerted action to ensure they have access to health services sensitive to their needs. It also demonstrates the urgent need to address the root causes of ill health and reorient entire health systems in response to an increasingly mobile world.”
Migrant And Refugee Health Coverage: Challenges And Solutions In European Health Insurance
According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), North America is the destination of 59 million international migrants in 2020. Latin America and the Caribbean. The number of international immigrants has more than doubled since 2005 to 15 million by 2021, making it the region. with the highest prosperity.
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Based on extensive literature reviews from around the world. The report shows that refugees and migrants are no less healthy than their host populations. Rather, it is affected by many determinants of poor health, such as education, income, housing, access to services. Plus language, cultural, legal, etc. barriers and their interactions during life. behind poverty health outcomes
The report emphasizes that migration and displacement experiences are important factors for a person’s health and well-being. This is especially true when combined with other factors. This study of more than 17 million participants from 16 countries across five WHO regions found that Compared to non-migrant workers Migrant workers are less likely to use health services and are more likely to be injured on the job.
Evidence also shows that 169 million migrant workers worldwide are engaged in dirty, dangerous and demanding work and are at greater risk of occupational accidents, injuries and work-related health problems than non-workers. migrate Conditions have worsened, often restricting or limiting access to and use of health services. The report reveals significant gaps in health data and information systems on the health of refugees and migrants. Although the information and evidence is abundant. But it is fragmented and not comparable from country to country and over time. Although these mobile populations are sometimes identifiable in centralized datasets used for SDG monitoring, health information is often missing from migration statistics. and migration status variables are often missing from health statistics. This makes it difficult to identify and track progress for refugees and migrants towards health-related SDGs.
“It is imperative that we take more action on the health of refugees and migrants. But if we want to change the status quo We urgently need investment to improve quality. relevance and the integrity of refugee and migrant health information. We need accurate data collection and verification systems that truly represent the diversity of the world’s population. and the experiences that refugees and migrants face around the world and can guide more effective policies and interventions,” said WHO Deputy Director General Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab.
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Pan American Health Organization (Projects are being undertaken in coordination with national authorities in ten Central and South American countries to protect migrants’ health and ensure access to health services. However, the information gap is a challenge that remains to be addressed. It has been revised to strengthen and develop national policy and regulatory frameworks to include this population.
Earlier this year and in accordance with global efforts It has launched an information platform to address the lack of regional information on migration and health. The platform includes interactive dashboards on policy, legal and regulatory frameworks and the scientific literature on health and migration. and aimed at All stakeholders involved in the development of health and migration policies, legislation and programs.
Despite the lack of comparable data on the health of refugees and migrants, And over time, it often hinders the development of good policies for health equity. Policies and frameworks exist to meet the health needs of refugees and migrants. However, disparities in health outcomes remain. And the report shows that this is mainly due to the lack of meaningful and effective policy implementation.
“Health does not begin or end at national borders. Immigration status should not be a discriminating factor. Rather, it is a policy driver for building and strengthening healthcare and social and financial protection. We must adapt existing health systems into integrated and comprehensive health services for refugees and migrants. This is in line with the principles of primary health care and universal health coverage,” said Dr. Santino Severoni, WHO’s Director of Health and Migration Programme.
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Refugees and immigrants can showcase creativity that drives economic and social change. The report highlights the unique contributions of refugees and migrant medical practitioners to the frontline response to COVID-19. countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which is especially important when in some countries Up to half of doctors or nurses were born overseas.
Implementing inclusive health systems, consistent with the principles of the right to health for all and universal health coverage, will help those in need of health services be identified and supported early. before many problems become more serious The health system will be as strong as only with the weakest point The inclusion of refugees and migrants is a cost-effective investment for the development and well-being of societies around the world.
“Recognizing that migration and displacement impacts the health of the billions of people who travel. This report is a welcome progression in thinking of immigration and displacement through a single clear glass. Lenses are universal health coverage and the concept that everyone has the right to ‘Good physical, mental and social well-being, not just the absence of disease or infirmity’ as outlined in the 1946 Statute of the World Health Organization,” Ban Ki-moon President Ban Ki-moon Foundation for a Better Future. 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
“The physical, economic and psychological challenges arising from immigration and displacement and integration in the host community It is often overlooked, overlooked, or misunderstood. I am delighted that this report combines the available global evidence on the health of travelers – international migrants and those forcibly displaced – in a single authoritative document.” Abdulrazak Gurnah, author and professor. Novel Prize in Literature (2021)
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“This report shows that the most effective way to meet the health needs of refugees and migrants in the short, medium and long term is through integrated health systems. and by incorporating refugees and migrants into a system that serves the host community. This even requires significant resources and technical improvements. But a more inclusive health system has proven to be of great benefit to all, refugees, migrants and foster communities,” said Midori de Habic, former Peruvian Minister of Health.
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