What are the Car Seat Laws in Michigan?


Ensuring that children are safe when travelling in a vehicle is of utmost importance to every parent. In Michigan, lawmakers have put in place laws that require children to ride in car seats that are appropriate for their age and weight. These regulations help to minimize the chance of injuries in children arising from car accidents. This article provides you with information about car seat laws in Michigan.

What are Michigan Car Seat Laws?

According to Michigan law, all passengers below eight years of age or less than four feet and nine inches in height are required to use car seats. Typically, children up to two years of age or who weigh less than 30 pounds must use rear-facing car seats. Depending on their size and weight, older children may use forward-facing car seats or booster seats. However, all children below the age of 13 are required to ride in the back seat of a car, and those aged from eight to 12 should use a seat belt.

Types of Car Seats for Children in Michigan

In Michigan, there are different types of car seats available depending on the age, weight, and height of the child. Below are the primary types of car seats:

1. Rear-facing child seats

Rear-facing car seats are designed to provide protection for babies and young children. As mentioned, Michigan law requires children under the age of two to ride in rear-facing seats. It’s important to follow the manufacturer’s weight and height recommendations when selecting rear-facing car seats.

2. Forward-facing child seats

Michigan allows children above the age of two who have outgrown their rear-facing car seats to ride in forward-facing seats. Forward-facing seats can accommodate children who weigh up to 40 pounds.

3. Booster seats

Booster seats are designed for older and heavier children. Michigan law requires children who are four feet nine inches tall or less and aged between eight and 12 to use booster seats. These seats work by raising the child’s height to enable the seat belt to fit correctly.

4. Integrated child seats

Integrated child seats are built into the car and typically found in some minivans and SUVs. They are suitable for infants and young children.

Penalties for Violating Michigan Car Seat Laws

In Michigan, failure to comply with child passenger safety laws can result in a fine of up to $50 for the first offense and up to $100 for subsequent offenses.


The laws regarding car seats in Michigan are in place to enhance the safety of children who are passengers in motor vehicles, and complying with these regulations is critical. Understanding these laws and ensuring that you have the appropriate car seat for your child is vital in keeping them safe. As a parent or guardian, make sure you always follow the manufacturers’ recommended guidelines for selecting and using car seats to protect your child from the risk of injuries that could be fatal.

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